So what is pranayam? It is closely related with our body. Those who know about Yoga may have heard this word. The word is evolve from “Prana” which means ‘life force’ and  “Ayama” imply to ‘prolong or to paintings on it’. In yogic world , Prana means a life force energy of body which is responsible for all the functioning and strengthening of human body. According to the yogic text, there are various “Chakras” and “Nadis” in our body through which  Prana as great force run to energize and revitalize us. Prana creates an aura around body. Pranayam is all about the practices of the most important thing for living ,”Breathe“.


 It is believed that the basic cause of suffering any sickness is unable  to freely move the prana due to the blockage in energy chakras or nadis situated in our body. Prana is responsible for the mental state, mindfulness and the emotional fitness of an average person. Simply the way we breathe can also affect the way we understand matters in addition to our mental health.

  Therefore, pranayama is a easy exercise of many respiration techniques and asanas that promote emotional, mental and physical nicely-being. Breathing is a core of any yoga practices , since the breath lies at the center of our body. According to some yoga experts , some people don’t breathe correctly; they use a small part of their lungs capacity of taking air in. This type of breathing can cause the prevention of flow of prana and oxygen of our body that is essential for our fitness. Good breathing can also keep humans healthy.

Types of Pranayam

  • Nadi Sodhana
  • Kapalbhati Pranayam
  • Shitali Pranayam
  • Dirga Pranayam
  • Ujjayi Pranayam
  • Bhastrika Pranayam
  • Bhramari Pranayam
  • Udgit Pranayam
  • Bahya Pranayam
  • Anuloma and Viloma Pranayam
  • Agnisar Kriya


How to Practice Pranayam?

Pranayama yoga ought to be accomplished in empty stomach. The pleasant time for practice is the early morning, preferably before dawn when the pollution is at its lowest degree, and the body and mind are nevertheless freebut, if morning is unsuitable, pranayama may be practiced after sundownwhile the air is cool and high-quality. The area suitable for all types of Yoga ought to be easy and calm.

Nadi Sodhana:

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place.
  • Now press the right part of your nose with the help of your right hands thumb to close your right nostril and deeply take air in (inhale) with your left nostril.
  • After that open your right nostril and close your left nostril to breath out (exhale) from your right nostril.
  • In the same manner, close your left nostril and deeply inhale with your right nostril.
  • Now close your left nostril and open your right nostril to exhale.

Do this pranayam or steps about 10 to 15 times

Kapalbhati Pranayam:

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place.
  • Deeply inhale and exhale about two to three times.
  • Now inhale deeply and exhale forcefully drawing all the air out. Your stomach should be drawn in, as you exhale.
  • After these steps inhale normally to get back your stomach in normal position.

Continue these steps about 20 to 30 times.

Shitali Pranayam:

according to it’s name sheetal means cool or chill so that it gives you the peace of mind and body.

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place.
  • take deep breaths upto five to six times.
  • Now open your mouths in “O” shape and take breath in with your mouth. 
  • After that, exhale the air from your nose. 

 Do this steps for five to 10 times

Dirga Pranayam:

Dirga means long life. This pranayam increase your life by making your lungs, chest and muscles stronger.

  • Lie down to your back with closed eyes. breath normally and then slowly inhale and exhale, relax your body. 
  • Now inhale deeply to fill your entire belly with air. Hold this air in your belly for few seconds and exhale all the air out. Within your stomach to ensure that there should be no air remaining in your belly.
  • After the first step inhale deeply as first step and inhale some extra bit to fill your rib cage with air. First exhale the air from your rib cage and then from your stomach.
  • After the second step inhale deeply to fill up the air in your belly and rib cage. After that breath in some extra air to fill the area surroundings of heart. Now exhale the air in such a way that first empty the area around the heart; secondly the rib cage and finally your belly.   

Continue these steps about five to six times.

Ujjayi Pranayam:

Ujjayi means the ocean. This pranayam is about to make oceanic sound or sounds of waves.

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place. Start to deeply take breath in and out from your mouth. 
  • While breathing from mouth, contract your throat. This action will produce sounds like waves of ocean.
  • Now close your mouth start breathing with your nose but maintaining the same tone of your throat. To making the same sound. 

Repeat the above steps about ten to fifteen times.

Bhastrika Pranayam:

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place.
  • Take a deep breath in.
  • After that slowly exhale.
  • While breathing in, assume that all the positive energy and vibration you are taking into your body to energize by them.
  • And while breathing out, assume that all the toxin within your body goes outside through breathing out.

Repeat these steps about ten to twenty times.

Bhramari Pranayam:

  • sit up straight in a quiet, properly ventilated corner along with your eyes closed. keep a gentle smile to your face.
  • preserve your eyes closed for a whileexamine the sensations in the body and the quietness inside.
  • region your index arms in your ears. there may be a cartilage among your cheek and ear. area your index hands on the cartilage.
  • Take a deep breath in and as you breathe out, gently press the cartilage. you could maintain the cartilage pressed or press it.
  • inside and outside along with your armseven as making a noisy humming sound like a bee.
  • you could also make a low-pitched sound however it is a great concept to make a excessive-pitched one for higher effects.
  • Breathe in again and preserve the same sample 34 instances.

Udgit Pranayam:

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place with straight spine.
  • Breathe deeply thru your nostril until diaphragm is full with air, and exhale.
  • even as exhaling chant the word “Om“.
  • make certain to hold the sound of “O” long and the “M” quick (OOOOOOOOm).

Repeat this three to five (or 5 minutes when you have time).

Bahya Pranayam:

  • Sit down in cross legged position at any comfortable place with straight spine. Close your eyes.
  • Breathe in deeply (inhale).
  • Then Exhale absolutely.
  • After exhale hold your breath.
  • attempt to drag your stomach upward as plenty as you could, pull up the muscle groups inside
  • the location beneath the navel.
  • After that move your head in down function so that your chin touches your chest.
  • maintain this position for five to 10 seconds.
  • expect that each one your negativity is being expelled out of your frame.
  • Then loosen up and get again to beginning function.
  • in case you are stricken by neck and returned pain, do no longer move your head down. just appearance straight.

Repeat this system for five to 10 instances.

Viloma Pranayam:

VILOMA Pranayama involves paused breathing at ordinary periods and may be divided into two levelsthe first level is referred to as ‘paused inhalation’ and the second level is referred to as ‘paused exhalation’. 

 Viloma Paused Inhalation:

  • Lie down in a cozy role and try to loosen up
  • Breath deeply, however normally.
  • Now inhale for two to a few seconds and pause. 
  • hold your breath for two seconds and then restart inhalation.
  • Pause inhalation again after 2 to seconds. Inhale again.
  • Repeat this procedure until the lungs sense complete of air.
  • Exhale now, slowly, till you experience empty of air.

Viloma Paused Exhalation:

The paused exhalation is the complete opposite of the inhalation procedure. In this case, you inhale deeply and typically without interruption, however exhale with regular pauses.

Anuloma Pranayam:

much like Viloma Anuloma is ready trade nostril respiration. In this example, the inhalation and exhalation is completed with one nostril blocked and the opposite partially open. some variations of the yoga are granular anuloma. 

This form of pranayama is particularly useful in cleansing the nasal passages and growing calmness inside.

Agnisar Kriya:

  • To perform the Agnisar kriya you should inhale deeply from your nose even as status with your legs saved slightly apart.
  • Thereafter you have to exhale best out of your mouth along with your head kept slightly bent ahead and the knees have to be barely bent too.
  • all through the Agnisar Kriya, the lower back need to be stored instantly always and the stomach muscle mass must be allowed to relax.
  • Thereafter try and draw the navel upwards and inwards to the spine. Many human beings tend to tug within the navel from beneath the sternum or allow their chest to sink which should be prevented as this is the incorrect manner of practising the Agnisar Kriya.
  • as an alternative, you have to hold your breath for only a moment before you snap the stomach back and forth 10 -12 times while preserving your breath. this may typically whole one whole round of the Agnisar Kriya. the ones human beings who have a susceptible Agni will tend to tire after the first spherical itself , although for quality outcomes it is really useful to complete at the least three rounds of the Agnisar Kriya.

Benefits of Pranayam

  1. increases life span:cheerfulness

    It has located that the lifestyles span of an animal is proportional to the rate of their breathing. Tortoise which is understood to stay for extra than 2 hundred years breathes on the fee of threefour according to minute. Whale which breathes 6-7 times every minute has a median existence span of nearly a hundred years. In comparison, animals like rabbit or mice that have quicker respiration price have pretty shorter lifespan. practicing pranayama enables an person breathe frequently at a systematic paceas a result growing his/her lifespan.

  2. extended absorption of Oxygen:absorption of pure oxygen

    We do not use the whole of our lungs when respiratory commonlyin preference to right deep breaths, we’re accustomed to taking rapid shallow breaths to satisfy our body’s requirement of oxygen. With everyday practice of pranayama, increasingly more of the lungs are used, which results in more natural oxygen entering our blood circulateenhancing normal properly healthsteady practitioners of pranayama are regarded to make use of nearly eightyof their lungs for respiratory.

  3.  manage of emotions:control over feelings

    You have to have observed that your breathing is without delay related for your feelings. The extra disturbances you’ve got for your emotional stability, the fast will be your respiration. In fact speedy respiration offers cues to exchange of emotion in a personfor this reason it is believed that via controlling our breathingwe are able to have manage of our anger, restlessness and different terrible emotions. Deep and regulated respiratory regularly facilitates us to rein and guide our wild feelings to a exquisite volume.

  4. gain control over needless mind:concentration power

    regularly we fail to govern our fearful and poor thoughts ruins our peace of thoughts. Pranayama allows in gaining manage over no longer simply the bodily frame however additionally over wandering useless mindbad, worrisome and frightened mind could make a person worried and carewornit is able to interfere with our lives in greater ways than we really comprehendregular pranayama helps us to attention our mind. Even in case we’ve got a troublewe will analyze and resolve it rather than allowing it play havoc with our minds.

  5. Reduces hazard of hypertension:hypertension

    high blood pressure or high blood pressure is a circumstance wherein the arteries have gradually elevated blood strainthan usually required for the wholesome functioning of coronary hearthigh blood pressure can be a silent killer dwelling in our body, which can be tamed with lifestyle changes and training of pranayama regularly. The meditative posture permits the frame to loosen up and be free of pressure and tensions. The calm thoughts additionally contributes lots to bringing down hypertension. There have been cases of persistent sufferers of high blood pressurewho’ve kept their blood stress beneath manage through simply following some life styles adjustments and doing yoga frequentlyfurther it enables in controlling different psychosomatic illnesses like diabetes, insomnia, despair and many greater.

  6.  improve concentration and memory power:improvement of memory power

    regular exercise of yoga and pranayama will assist you in improving your awarenesslatest and faraway memorybesides strengthening your willpowerif you are wondering how deep can breathe approach improves attention and memory, than you must remember that pranayama increases oxygen supply to the bodywhich incorporates the brain. It relieves stress, calming the mind to function optimally. The deep breaths will make certain that each mobile inside the mind has sufficient oxygen. you’ll the consequences of pranayama immediately, as you experience a deep sense of peace and rejuvenation for your thoughts at once after doing it.

  7.  bodily fitness:fitness

    yes it’s far proper! Pranayama improves your physical health making your body lean, robust and healthfulspecifically in case you exercise other asanas of yoga. It balances your digestive device and appetite. The face will have a glow with enough supply of oxygen to the pores and skin tissue. folks who are having problem with their vocal chords can gain loads from pranayama. individuals who practice pranayama generally tend to become extra joyful and happy. It will increase the power and energy of a person to a excellent quantity.

  8.  popular well being:

  9. popular wel-being

    Pranayama is understood to purify approximately 72,000 nerves in our bodyfurther to strengthening 5 pranas and balancing the strength float in all regions of body flippantlyintellectual improvement is multiplied and top notch development is visible in cognitive functioning. scientific practitioners advocate pranayama to reduce symptoms of oxidative strain. It allows in development sound judgment, consistent mind and keen experience of notionlast but now not the least; pranayama lets you journey on the course of soul looking and enlightenment.